The DEW LINE
Sites in Canada, Alaska & Greenland

DEWLINER CONTACT PAGE
Find your old friends


NOTE: To view Site photos or articles. Click on the site name in the SITE TABLE below



Map courtesy of the North American Air Defence Online Radar museum



Transpec Mileage Chart

Lateral Site to Site distances, Runway information (length - width - elevation), , Vertical distances to selected points, etc
(courtesy John Vandenberg)

BACKGROUND
The Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line began on 15 February 1954 when President Eisenhower signed the bill approving the construction. It, was designed and built during the "Cold War" as the primary line of air defence warning of "Over the Pole" invasion of the North American Continent.

The actual construction of the 58 sites took place between 1955 and 1957. Many tons of supplies and equipment were moved to the Arctic by air, sea and river barge. One such carrier, the USAF 62nd Airlift Wing, moved over 13 million pounds of materiel in this monumental effort. The DEW Line was declared fully operational on 31 Jul 1957, (ref: USAF Museum "This week in Airforce History), and remained in operation for better than 30 years.

CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS
You will find some interesting DEWLine Construction Statistics here.

TRANSITION
With the signing of North American Air Defence Modernization agreement at the "Shamrock Summit" between Prime Minister Mulroney and President Reagan in Quebec City on 18 March 1985 the DEW Line began it's eventual upgrading and transition becoming the North Warning System (NWS) of today.

The North Warning System Office (NWSO), a joint Canadian/American effort, was initially staffed as an entity in late 1985 and early 1986. The first order of business was to start the competition process to determine who would be the Operations & Maintenance (O&M) Contractor of the new system. The North Warning System (NWS) began limited operation in 1988 with the commissioning and acceptance of the three newly constructed east coast sites BAF-3 Brevoort Island NUNAVUT, LAB-2 Saglek, and LAB-6 Cartwright both in Labrador. The bi-national North Warning System Office (NWSO) is located in Ottawa Canada and staffed with both Canadian and American military and civilian personnel. NWSO assumed command and control of the former DEW Line Long Range Radar (LRR) Stations in Canada in a Hand-over Ceremony held at Tuktoyaktuk NWT on 15 July 1993. The Short Range Radars (SRR's) were installed later, The 36 NWS SRR's achieved operational status between September 1990 and September 1992. The 3 Alaskan SRR's achieved operational status in 1994. Those few DEW sites that weren't transitioned to North Warning operation were eventually closed down.

Note: the North Warning System Office now falls under the auspices of the "Director General Aerospace Engineering Program Management (Radar & Communication systems) " DGAEPM(R&CS)

THE PRIMARY EQUIPMENT
The Primary Search Radar for DEW Line sites in Canada and Alaska was the AN/FPS-19. It was a magnetron type radar made by Raytheon. The AN/FPS-19 was a high power L-Band search radar consisting of two identical radar sets feeding a dual (back to back) antenna. Peak Power was 137 Kilowatts and Average Power 400 Watts. The Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF) was 400HZ and Pulse Repetition Time (PRT) 2500 microseconds (Ásec). Pulse Width (PW) was 6 Ásec. and the Duty Cycle 0.0024.
The AN/FPS-19's were replaced by the "state of the art" AN/FPS-117 at those sites that became part of the NWS. The AN/FPS-117 was built by GE.

The Primary Search Radar for the 4 DEWLine sites in Greenland was the AN/FPS-30 : Bendix built this long-range DEW-Line search radar that was originally termed the "Sentinel" radar. Once planned as a replacement for all AN/FPS-19 DEW-Line radars, the AN/FPS-30 was installed in 1961 only at the four Greenland "DYE" radar stations. It operated at 570 to 630 MHz. Its peak power was 150 kW, and its average power was 3 kW. The AN/FPS-30 radar's pulse-repetition frequency (PRF) was 500 pulses/sec., and the antenna aperture was 45 ft. x 25 ft. The transmitter output tube was a Klyston with 62-dB gain (this Klystron power amplifier was later adapted for the Raytheon-built AN/FPS-28 frequency-diversity air-defense search radar).
Source: Lincoln Laboratory Journal, Volume 12, Number 2.2000, page 193.

The DEW Line "Gap Filler" was the AN/FPS-23 continuous wave "fluttar" (Doppler Effect) radar.
The AN/FPS-23 DEW-Line radar system was manufactured by Motorola, and operated at frequencies between 475 and 525 MHz, with 1 kilowatt of output power. AN/FPS-23 radars were continuous-wave (CW) systems that were comprised of geographically-separated AN/FPT-4 Fluttar Transmitters and AN/FPR-2 Fluttar Receivers. AN/FPT-4 Fluttar Transmitters were located only at Intermediate ("I") Sites, while AN/FPR-2 Fluttar Receivers were located only at Main and Auxiliary Sites. The transmitters and receivers were typically about fifty miles apart. The function of this Doppler-effect detection system was to fill the low-altitude gaps between AN/FPS-19 radars located at Main and Auxiliary DEW-Line Sites. Description courtesy Online Air Defence Radar Museum

The North Warning "System Gap Filler" is the AN/FPS-124 UAR (UnAttended Radar) manufactured by Unisys

LF Beacons at the AUX Sites were the FRC-37's which had a power o/p of 50 Watts. At the "I" Sites, the beacon was the 329J and the power o/p is believed to be 35 Watts.

The DEW Line's tropospheric scatter lateral (east to west) communication system in Canada and Alaska initially used the AN/FRC-45 produced by Collins Radio Corp. The AN/FRC-45 used "dual diversity" which made it subject to fading as atmospheric conditions changed so it was upgraded by the "Surestop I and Surestop II" programs. the new equipment was produced by Radio Engineering Labs (REL). The resulting equipment in Canada was named the AN/FRC-102. The fading problem was overcome by the use of "quad diversity". In Greenland, the AN/FRC-39 was used. The AN/FRC-102 and AN/FRC-39 were both based on the MRC-98 exciters and parametric amps, the difference between the two being based on the choice of High Power Amps and multiplexer systems.

Vertical (north to south) drops included the 100KW AN/FRC-101, a 515 nautical mile tropo scatter FM link between Hall Beach Canada and Thule AB Greenland, and the 612 nautical mile 10KW AN/FRC-47 CW drop between Cape Dyer Canada and Thule AB. These shots were among the longest single-hop tropospheric scatter shots used anywhere.

SURESTOP TROPO UPGRADES by Clive Beckmann
Surestop-I upgraded the old FRC-45 radios from Cape Dyer (DYE-M) to Cambridge Bay (CAM-M). Then, at a later date, Surestop-II continued the upgrade from CAM-M to Barter Island (BAR-M). This all happened prior to the big build-up in Viet Nam. Unfortunately, this military priority caused all the tropo radios being produced by Radio Engineering Labs (REL) to be siphoned off for shipment to the war zone. These radios were intended to be installed in Alaska as Surestop-III. Consequently, the Alaska DEW sites never had the old FRC-45 radios upgraded until the general upgrade in 1982-83 which replaced ALL tropo radios from LIZ-2 through DYE-5 and the NARS sites with a state-of-the-art REL system. Because the venerable FRC-45 provided marginal communications service during periods of heavy "fading", a way was sought to provide better radios in the Alaskan sector. Someone came up with the bright idea of closing every other DEW site along the entire Line as a cost savings measure. A side benefit would be that the closed Canadian sites would each yield two Surestop terminals, enough to upgrade all the Alaskan sites. So FOX-1 was the first site designated for closure, along with POW-3. The Fox-1 radios were installed on the BAR-M west link and the POW-2 east link, thereby allowing closure of POW-3. This program was discontinued after FOX-1/POW-3 and I've never seen an official document that stated the reason why. I've heard rumors that some environmental entity had insisted that the closed sites be restored to pristine condition, meaning complete removal of all construction, leaving only gravel pads surrounded by tundra. This was projected to be so expensive that the Government decided it would be far cheaper to fund all existing sites for continued operation rather than continue to shut them down for cost savings.

487L, SURVIVABLE LOW FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (SLFCS) By Clive Beckmann
This was the LF comm system that ensured that SAC aircraft could be contacted in an environment that included nuclear detonations (which could render HF/VHF/UHF frequencies unuseable). The equipment was located in SAC aircraft and at selected ground stations, including all Main DEW sites. As memory serves, SLFCS operated in the 20kHZ to 50kHZ band. Communication was one-way, i.e., SAC transmitted the messages and they printed out at the receive locations on a printer. The printers were known as the "thumpers" as the line feeds were loud enough to wake up the dead! Remote locations could not answer back. When DEW sites received traffic, the console operator would read the message (which was, 98% of the time, a test message that exercised the equipment) and acknowledged receipt by an entry in the console log. But sometimes actual SAC traffic would come in. When this happened, the console operator would immediately re-broadcast the traffic verbatim on both UHF frequencies (236.6 and 243.0 MHZ in AK). The SLFCS antenna was comprised of two large "loops" (about three feet in diameter) that were arranged 90 degrees to one another on the same axis. It was known as the "orange peel" antenna (kinda looked like a peeled orange and was orange in color) and sat outside on the ground near the surveillance room.

488L UHF GREENPINE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM By: Clive Beckmann
This system was comprised of the land-line comm network that connected the SAC Command Post (Offutt AFB, Omaha) with the remote UHF sites, which included all Main sites in AK and Canada; the Greenpine switching console (located next to the DEW control consoles); and included the two UHF radios (236.6 and 243.0 MHZ in AK) installed at the DEW sites. The system also included the radio links between the SAC Airborne Command Post (Looking Glass) that somehow tied into the comm system that terminated at the DEW sites as described above. When SAC wished to broadcast traffic via the remote sites they would contact all NRCCs (NORAD Regional Control Centers) and NCCs (NORAD Control Centers). In AK, the NRCC was the ANRCC (AK NORAD Regional Control Center) at Elmendorf AFB, Anchorage, and the NCC was Murphy Dome AFS, not far outside of Fairbanks. Murphy Dome would then do a switch action that completed a circuit to illuminate a red lamp and activate a warbling tone on the Greenpine switching console. The DEW console operator would use a special handset to answer, e.g., "Barter Island Greenpine". If the SAC operator wished to broadcast traffic he would request "all operational frequencies," and the DEW console operator would do switch actions to give control of the 236.6 and 243.0 A/G transmitters to SAC. Then SAC would key the transmitters and begin the traffic broadcast which always started with "Skyking, Skyking, message follows...", and then the coded traffic. At the conclusion of the transmission, you would hear, "SAC out", which was the DEW console operator's signal to restore the equipment to normal. The Greenpine antenna was a vertical UHF array that was enclosed in a cylindrical fiberglass radome that was approximately 20 inches in diameter by 8 feet in length. At AK and Canadian sites these antennae were usually mounted atop a 60 foot telephone pole. Sometimes SAC would do a roll call of all Greenpine sites. It was interesting to hear all the sites polled and the respective operators answering because they were at locations around the world

The following is an extract from "The history of AAC Jan - Jun 1956:
EQUIPMENTS and OPERATIONAL CONCEPT"

This vast undertaking looked to the erection and refurbishing of 6 main stations, 23 auxilliary stations, and 28 intermediate (fluttar) stations. The principal radar gear, positioned at main and auxilliary sites, was the AN/FPS-19 with "dual" antenna system. Two reflectors, placed back-to-back, created a double lobe (high and low angle coverage). Similarly, the two 12 inch PPI indicators offered a display of 360 degrees in azimuth, extending to a range of 160 nautical miles. The operator might select by manual control, range displays of 20, 40, 80, or 160 miles. The expanded "A" scope, in turn, covered a distance of 10 miles over 5 inches of display.
The automatic alarm of each radar consisted of 36 range gates, in groups of 6 guard bands, each of the latter covering an interval of 90 microseconds or a distance of 7.5 nautical miles. Any target appearing in either of these bands activated an audio alarm. Further, the gate alarm automatically tripped a scope camera which photographed the indicator for one complete sweep, thus giving a permanent record of the target.
A continuous barrier of CW radars (fluttars), operating in the 500 MHz range with a1000 watt power output, interconnected main and auxilliary stations. Designed to detect aircraft crossing at low altitude (50 feet over water), the dual-feed antenna system introduced signals through a series of audio filters. the latter then passed the frequencies which corresponded to the doppler frequency produced by the intruding aircraft. Targets from fluttar receivers were finally recorded on magnetic tape.
For the purpose of command and operational supervision, the arctic DEW Line was divided into an Eastern and Western sector. The partition point fell between Cambridge Bay (CAM) and Hall Beach (FOX) main stations precisely at Shepherd Bay. To the Alaskan air command devolved operational responsibility for the westernportion of the line - - 40 installations in all, or 70 percent of the entire system; and to the Northeast Air Command, the eastern portion.
The overall concept hinged on two fundamental points: one, that the arctic radars were primarily detection units, the main stations to accept and process indentification data; and two, that the line was not designed to perform intercept-destruction of aggressor aircraft nor were friendly aircraft programmed to aid in identification along the coast.
For efficient organization and operation, the two sectors were further divided into subsectors. Serving as a command post for its particular subsector, the main station would maintain control over two to four auxilliaries on either flank. Basic surveillance requirements dictated:
Each main station and its auxilliaries will serve as surveillance sites on a 24-hour a day basis. Track information from surveillance operators at auxilliary stations will be written by automatic message composers and transmitted to the associated main station by teletype. Messages will be handled sequentially on teletype writers at the main station. Track data may be told in GEOREF grid or in azimuth and range coordinates from auxilliaries to main. Main stations will plot, filter and tell directly to the command posts of the operating commands and to ADC by teletype.

THE SITES
The following is a list of sites in the high Arctic including those in Alaska, Canada and Greenland. Included are their DEW Line (or NWS) site nomenclatures and their Geographic Place Names. NB: DEW Sites are listed from west to east. Also included are the NWS site types,the operational start dates and DEW line stop dates or transition to North Warning System operation. NB: some sites, (LAB and BAF sites) were not part of the DEW Line radar system. ie LAB-2 and LAB-6 and BAF 5 were originally part of the "Pinetree Line" others, like BAF-3 (aka RES-X-1), were part of the "Pole Vault" tropospheric scatter communication system.

Alaska and the Aleutians
In addition to the sites listed in the following table, there were an additional 15 gap filler sites along Alaskan north coast. Also, between 1957 and 1959 the DEW Line was extended westward along the Aleutian Islands. Six sites equiped with the AN/FPS-19 Search Radar were constructed. Unlike the northern DEW sites that were operated by contractor, these sites were military manned. The Aleutian sites were located at Cold Bay, COB-Main ; Nikolski, COB-1; Driftwood Bay, COB-2; Cape Sarichef, COB-3; Port Moller, COB-4; and Port Heiden, COB-5 . The Aleutian DEW sites were deactivated 30 September 1969 except for Cold Bay which was converted to a NORAD surveillance site.
More information on the Alaskan DEW Line sites can be found here. North American Air Defence Online Radar Museum

GREENLAND: The DEW EAST PROJECT
the DEW East project surveyed in 1957, led to the establishment of 4 DEW Line sites in Greenland. One on the west coast, one on the east coast and two on the icecap. The base of operations for the surveys was the ship "MV Arctic Sealer.
Some Photos of the east and west survey sites.

PHOTO STORY of THE CONSTRUCTION of ICE-CAP 1 ( DYE-2) By: Bill Lane


Some Unique DEW Line Jacket Patches, Crests, Plaques

SITE TABLE


Note: Click on Site Geographic Place Name to go to Site page

DEW = DEWLINE
DEW AUX = DEWLINE AUXILLIARY SITE
DEW "I" SITE = DEWLINE INTERMEDIATE SITE
DEW MAIN = DEWLINE MAIN SITE
DEW REAR COM = DEWLINE REARWARD COMMUNICATION SITE

NWS = NORTH WARNING SYSTEM
NWS LRR = NORTH WARNING SYSTEM LONG RANGE RADAR SITE
NWS SRR = NORTH WARNING SYSTEM SHORT RANGE RADAR SITE
NWS LSS = NORTH WARNING SYSTEM LOGISTIC SUPPORT SITE

N/A DEW = NOT APPLICABLE TO THE DEWLINE
N/A NWS = NOT APPLICABLE TO THE NORTH WARNING SYSTEM

LAT/LON = LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE)
NOTE: REFS MARKED WITH * ARE APPROXIMATE. OR ARE OF A GEOGRAPHIC PLACE OF THE SAME NAME

AKA = ALSO KNOWN AS

DEW or NWS
SITE # and
LAT/LON
SITE TYPE GEOGRAPHICAL PLACE NAME IMPORTANT DATES SITE NOTES
* * COB SITES * *
COB 1
52 58 30N
168 51 20W
ALEUTIAN DEW LRR
N/A NWS.
NIKOLSKI ALASKA DEW Ops ceased 30 SEP 69. .
COB 2
53 58 28.81N
166 54 18.516W
ALEUTIAN DEW LRR
N/A NWS.
DRIFTWOOD BAY ALASKA DEW Ops ceased 30 SEP 69. .
COB 3
54 35 32N
164 52 34W
ALEUTIAN DEW LRR
N/A NWS.
CAPE SARICHEF DEW Ops ceased 30 SEP 69. .
COB M
55 15 49N
162 53 08W
ALEUTIAN DEW LRR
N/A NWS
COLD BAY ALASKA DEW Ops ceased 30 SEP 69. .
COB 4
55 58 41N
160 30 01W
ALEUTIAN DEW LRR
N/A NWS.
PORT MOLLER ALASKA DEW Ops ceased 30 SEP 69. .
COB 5
56 58 38N
158 39 09W
ALEUTIAN DEW LRR
N/A NWS.
PORT HEIDEN ALASKA DEW Ops ceased 30 SEP 69. This site did not actually cease radar operations on 30 Sep 69, it was converted to an AC&W radar station, and an height-finder radar was added
* * REAR COMM SITES * *
AGE-X
61 10 29 N
149 51 26 W
DEW REAR COM
N/A NWS
ANCHORAGE ALASKA Operations ceased 1963. .
NEL-X
58 48 21N
122 41 38W
DEW REAR COM
N/A NWS
FORT NELSON BC Operations ceased 1963 .
WAT-X
56 27 00 N
111 02 00 W
DEW REAR COM
N/A NWS
WATERWAYS AB
(AKA Stoney Mountain)
Operations ceased 1964 .
BIR-X
56 30 20.34 N
94 12 48.76 W
DEW REAR COM
N/A NWS
BIRD MANITOBA Operations ceased 1963 .
* * LIZ SITES * *
LIZ-1
DEW "UNK" SITE
N/A NWS
CAPE LISBURNE ALASKA . .
LIZ-A
69.01.27N
163.51.26W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
CAPE SABINE ALASKA "I" site Operations ceased 1963. .
LIZ-2
69 44 08N
163 00 59W
DEW AUX
NWS LRR
POINT LAY ALASKA NWS Site Established 89/90
site deactivated 1994
.
LIZ-B
70 17 16.96N
161 54 35.64W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
ICY CAPE ALASKA "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
LIZ-3
70 36 32.65N
159 52 07.93W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
WAINWRIGHT ALASKA NWS Site Established 1994
DEW Operationc ceased Apr 1995
Closed 2007 due to soil erosion & budget concerns
LIZ-C
70 48 32 N
158 15 15W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
PEARD BAY ALASKA "I" site Operations ceased 1963. .
* * POW SITES * *
POW-MAIN
71 19 38N
156 38 10W
DEW MAIN
NWS LRR
POINT BARROW ALASKA NWS Site Established 89/90 .
POW-A
71 03 26N
154 43 28W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
CAPE SIMPSON ALASKA "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
POW-1
70 54 37N
153 14 23W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
LONELY ALASKA DEW Operations ceased Oct 1990
NWS Site Established 1994
Closed 2007 due to soil erosion & budget concerns
.
POW-B
70 34 31.22N
152 16 00.87W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
KOGRU ALASKA "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
POW-2
70 29 54N
149 53 22W
DEW AUX
NWS LRR
OLIKTOK POINT ALASKA NWS Site Established 89/90 .
POW-C
70 24 09N
148 40 38W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
POINT MCINTYRE ALASKA "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
POW-3
70 10 31.23N
146.51.18.03W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
FLAXMAN ISLAND ALASKA
AKA BULLEN POINT
DEW Operations ceased Apr 1995
NWS Site established 1994
Site is physically located at Bullen Point
Closed 2007 due to soil erosion and budget concerns
POW-D
69 58 27N
144 50 15W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
BROWNLOW POINT ALASKA
"I" site Operations ceased 1963 Site located 1.3 mi.SE Collinson Point
* * BAR SITES * *
BAR-MAIN
70 07 49.5N
143 38 21W
DEW MAIN
NWS LRR
BARTER ISLAND ALASKA NWS Site Established 15 NOV 1990 local Community name: Kaktovik
BAR-A
69 53 09N
142 18 28W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
DEMARCATION BAY ALASKA
aka NUVAGAPAK POINT
"I" site Operation ceased 1963 Site physically located at Nuvagapak Point
BAR-1
69 35 53N
140 11 00W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
KOMAKUK BEACH YUKON DEW Operations ceased 04 AUG 1993
NWS Site Established OCT 1990
.
BAR-B
69 19 49N
138 44 13W
DEW "I" SITE
NWS SRR
STOKES POINT YUKON "I" site operations ceased 1963
NWS Site Established JUL 1991
.
BAR-2
68 55 23N
137 15 32W
DEW AUX
NWS LRR
SHINGLE POINT YUKON DEW Operations ceased JUN 1989
NWS Site Established Jun 1989
.
BAR-C
69 00 10N
134 40 00W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
TUNUNUK CAMP NWT "I" site operations ceased 1963 .
BAR-BA3
68 53 39.22N
133 56 31.81W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
STORM HILLS NWT NWS Site established NOV 1990 .
BAR-3
69 26 35N
132 59 55W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
TUKTOYAKTUK NWT DEW Operations ceased 13 SEP 1993
NWS Site Established SEP 1990
.
BAR-D
69 57 00N*
131 27 00W*
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
ATKINSON POINT NWT "I" site operations ceased 1963 .
BAR-DA1
69 36 30N
130 54 00W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
LIVERPOOL BAY NWT NWS Site established NOV 1990 .
BAR-4
69 55 38N
128 58 13W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
NICHOLSON PENNINSULA NWT DEW Operations ceased 09 SEP 1993
NWS Site established OCT 1990
.
BAR-E
70 00 59.02N
126 56 35.11W
DEW "I" SITE
NWS SRR
HORTON RIVER NWT
AKA MALLOCH HILLS
"I" site operations ceased 1963
NWS Site Established JUN 1991
.
* * PIN SITES * *
PIN-MAIN
70 10 17N
124 43 30W
DEW MAIN
NWS LRR
CAPE PARRY NWT DEW Operations ceased AUG 1989
NWS Site established Aug 1989
.
PIN-A
69 48 53N*
122 42 46W*
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
PEARCE POINT NWT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
PIN-1
69 34 37N
120 48 00W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
CLINTON POINT NWT DEW Operations ceased 03 SEP 1993 .
PIN-1BD
69 40 18.96N
121 40 14.75W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
KEATS POINT NWT NWS Site established JUL 1991 .
PIN 1BG
69 16 00N
119 13 00W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
CROKER RIVER NUNAVUT NWS Site established AUG 1991 .
PIN-B
69 12 21N*
118 38 22W*
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
CLIFTON POINT NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
PIN-2
68 55 47N
116 55 45W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
CAPE YOUNG NUNAVUT DEW Operations ceased 31 AUG 1993 .
PIN-2A
68 50 23N
116 58 57W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
HARDING RIVER NUNAVUT NWS Site established SEP 1991 .
PIN-C
68 46 55.00N*
114 50 01.27W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
BERNARD HARBOUR NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
PIN-CB
68 45 19.16N
114 56 21.58W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
BERNARD HARBOUR NUNAVUT NWS Site established SEP 1991 Site is 3.3 mi SW of DEW site.
PIN-3
68 28 45N
113 13 32W
DEW AUX
NWS LRR
LADY FRANKLIN POINT NUNAVUT NWS Site established JUN 1989
DEW Operations ceased JUN 1989
Site burnt down 10 Jan 2000
PIN-D
68 35 38N*
111 07 00W*
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
ROSS POINT NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
PIN-4
68 45 35N*
109 05 16W*
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
BYRON BAY NUNAVUT DEW Operations ceased 21 AUG 1993 .
PIN-DA
68 29 09.26N
110 51 50.58W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
EDINBURGH ISLAND NUNAVUT NWS Site established OCT 1991 .
PIN-EB
69 01 30N
107 48 10W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
CAPE PEEL WEST NUNAVUT NWS Operations ceased OCT 1991 .
PIN-E
69 03 44.02N
107 16 43.24W
DEW "I"SITE
N/A NWS
CAPE PEEL NUNAVUT "I SiteOperations ceased 1963 .
* * CAM SITES * *
CAM-MAIN
69 06 58.72N
105 07 08.83W
DEW MAIN
NWS LRR/LSS
CAMBRIDGE BAY NUNAVUT NWS Site established SEP 1989
DEW Operations ceased SEP 1989
Main transportation hub.
CAM-A
68 47 591N
103 19 58W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
STURT POINT NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
CAM-A3A
68 57 47.39N
103 45 34.33W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
STURT POINT NUNAVUT NWS Site established OCT 1991 .
CAM-1
68 39 17N
101 45 00W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
JENNY LIND ISLAND NUNAVUT DEW Operations ceased 1992 .
CAM-1A
68 44 31N
101 51 17W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
JENNY LIND ISLAND NUNAVUT NWS Site established OCT 1990 .
CAM-B
68 19 02.71N
100 04 09.15W
DEW "I" SITE
NWS SRR
HAT ISLAND NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963
NWS Site established SEP 1991
.
CAM-2
68 40 48.35N
97 48 38.84W
DEW AUX
NSW SRR
GLADMAN POINT NUNAVUT NWS Site established OCT 1990
DEW Operations ceased 1992
.
CAM-C
68 49 10N
95 17 25W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
MATHESON POINT NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
CAM-CB
68 38 10.37N
95 52 11.99W
N/ADEW
NWS SRR
GJOA HAVEN NUNAVUT NWS Site established OCT 1990 .
CAM-3
68 47 34.94N
93 26 25.17W
DEW AUX
NWS LRR
SHEPHERD BAY NUNAVUT NWS Site established JUL 1989
DEW Operations ceased JUL 1989
.
CAM-D
68 35 41.34N
91 57 24.66W
DEW "I" SITE
NWS SRR
SIMPSON LAKE NUNAVUT
aka SITE 25
"I" site Operations ceased 1963
NWS Site established SEP 1991
SRR Site approx 3/4 mi W of DEWsite.
CAM-4
68 26 13.06N
89 43 34.07W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
PELLY BAY NUNAVUT NWS Site established SEP 1991
DEW Operations ceased 1992
.
CAM-E
68 14 47N*
88 09 25W*
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
KEITH BAY NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
CAM-5
68 18 16N
85 39 53W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
MACKAR INLET NUNAVUT DEW Operations ceased 1992 .
CAM-5A
68 39 53.306N
85 33 28.423W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
CAPE MCLOUGHLIN NUNAVUT NWS Site established JUL 1992 .
CAM-F
68 33 08N
83 19 00W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
SCARPA LAKE NUNAVUT
aka SITE 29
"I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
CAM-FA
69 06 38.46N
83 32 23.57W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
LAILOR RIVER NUNAVUT NWS Site established AUG 1992 .
* * FOX SITES * *
FOX.MAIN
68 45 39.30N
81 13 35.20W
DEW MAIN
NWS LRR/LSS
HALL BEACH NUNAVUT
aka SITE 30
NWS Site established SEP 1989 DEW Operations ceased SEP 1989 Main transportation hub
FOX-1
69 04 01.79N
79 03 55.15W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
ROWLEY ISLAND NUNAVUT NWS Site established AUG 1991 .
FOX-A
69 13 26.23N
77 13 48.97W
DEW "I"SITE
NWS SRR
BRAY ISLAND NUNAVUT
aka SITE 32
"I" site Operations ceased 1963
NWS site established AUG 1991
.
FOX-2
68 53 56.24N
75 08 20.12W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
LONGSTAFF BLUFF NUNAVUT
aka SITE 33
NWS Site established NOV 1990
DEW Operations ceased 1991
DEW Site Coords
68 53 59.60 N
75 08 43.52 W
FOX-B
68 37 14N
73 12 58W
DEW "I" SITE
NWS SRR
NUDLUARDJUK LAKE NUNAVUT
aka WEST BAFFIN
"I" site Operations ceased 1963
NWS Site established OCT 1991
.
FOX-3
68 39 02.56N
71 13 58.93W
DEW AUX
NWS LRR
DEWAR LAKES NUNAVUT NWS Site establishedJUL 1989
DEW Operations ceased JUL 1989
.
FOX-C
68 43 53N*
68 35 15W*
DEW "I" SITE
N/A DEW
EKALUGAD NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
FOX-CA
68 38 51N
69 07 47W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
KANGOK FJORD NUNAVUT NWS Site established SEP 1992 .
FOX-4
68 28 21N
66 48 01W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
CAPE HOOPER NUNAVUT
aka SITE 37
NWS Site established DEC 1990
DEW Operations ceased 1991
.
FOX-D
67 57 06.70N
64 54 35.70W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
KIVITOO NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
FOX-5
67 32 07.49N
63 47 11.43W
DEW AUX
NWS SRR
BROUGHTON ISLAND NUNAVUT
aka QIKIQTARJUAQ
aka SITE 39
NWS Site established DEC 1990
DEW Operations ceased 1991
SRR site Approx 7 airmiles SE of Qikiqtarjuaq
FOX-E
67 05 54N
62 08 12W
DEW "I" SITE
N/A NWS
DURBAN ISLAND NUNAVUT "I" site Operations ceased 1963 .
* * DYE SITES * *
DYE-MAIN
66 39 52.46N
61 21 21.53W
DEW MAIN
NWS LRR
CAPE DYER NUNAVUT
aka SITE41
NWS Site established AUG 1989
DEW Operations ceased AUG 1989
Main Communications hub.
* * DYE SITES
Greenland)
* *
DYE-1
66 38 23N
52 52 22W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
QAQQATOQAQ GREENLAND
near Sisimiut
Inactivated 1988 .
DYE-2
66 29 30N
46 18 19W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
ICE CAP 1 Inactivated 01 Oct 1988 .
DYE-3
65 10 57N
43 49 10W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
ICE CAP 2 Inactivated 1988 .
DYE-4
65 31 39.17N
37 09 34.55W
DEW AUX
N/A NWS
KULUSUK GREENLAND Inactivated 1991 24 Sep 1991
Last American out
* * DYE SITE
Iceland)
* *
DYE-5
64 2 7N
22 39 8W
LRR
N/A NWS
ROCKVILLE ICELAND
aka H1
. .
* * BAF SITES * *
BAF-2
64 57 28N
63 34 46W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
CAPE MERCY NUNAVUT JUL 1992 .
BAF-3
(RES-X-1)

63 20 20N
64 09 28W
DEW REAR COM
NWS LRR
BREVOORT ISLAND NUNAVUT NWS Site established OCT 1988 .
BAF-4A
62 30 22.00N
64 31 06.183W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
LOKS LAND NUNAVUT NWS Site established AUG 1992 .
BAF-5
(RES-X)
61 35 47.95N
64 38 20.40W
DEW REAR COM
NWS SRR
RESOLUTION ISLAND NUNAVUT NWS Site established SEP 1991
Pinetree Operations ceased nov 1961
Former Pinetree Line site
* * LAB SITES * *
LAB-1
59 59 15N
64 09 55W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
CAPE KAKIVIAK LABRADOR NWS Site established JUL 1992 .
LAB-2
58 29 19.35N
62 35 08.00W
N/A DEW
NWS LRR
SAGLEK LABRADOR NWS Site established NOV 1988 former Pinetree line site.
LAB-3
57 08 07.6N
61 28 32.8W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
CAPE KIGLAPAIT LABRADOR NWS Site established AUG 1992 .
LAB-4
55 44 30N
60 25 42W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
BIG BAY LABRADOR NWS Site established SEP 1992 .
LAB-5
54 42 53N
58 21 30W
N/A DEW
NWS SRR
TUKIALIK LABRADOR NWS Site established OCT 1992 .
LAB-6
53 33 08N
56 49 46W
N/A DEW
NWS LRR
CARTWRIGHT LABRADOR NWS Site established NOV 1988
Pinetree operations ceased JUN 1968
Former Pinetree Line Site
. . . . .

The DEWLiner Song

The DEWLine Written and sung by Gerry Dempsey

DEW Line Cartoons

Ode to the Oosik

The Gay Life Of a Radician
NOTE: This was written many years ago before "Gay" took on its present meaning.

Telex to Sonde. Self Explanatory !!

CAM Main Free Press 25 June 1994

NEW Frontec Game "Ops Board"

Please comments or suggestions for additions or corrections to lwilson@magma.ca